Frequently Asked Questions

Here are some frequently asked questions, we hope they are helpful to you! If any of your questions are not answered here (or if you just want to get in touch — we love to connect!), please send us an e-mail at




What kinds of products do you have?

Here at Horseradish Ranch, we raise livestock on pasture for meat & eggs, as well as grow specialty produce and dry goods. Our selection of animals and crops is ever evolving, so please visit our Products page for a detailed list of what is currently available and coming up soon!
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Where can I buy your products?

Currently, we sell our products through our CSA membership, and direct from the farm (contact us to make an appointment). For details, please visit our “Where to Buy” page!
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Do you sell bones/organ meats?

Yes! Please see our What We Sell page for specifics.
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What is Blue Moon Stead and why are some of your products labeled this way?

Our farm, Horseradish Ranch, leases our acreage from part of a larger property. This larger property is Blue Moon Stead, owned by our landlady Barbara. Horseradish Ranch and Blue Moon Stead work closely together, having several collaborations and partnerships in our quest to improve this land and increase its productivity. We are busier than we can imagine, and in order to offer a wider range of products to our customers and diversify our land uses, we co-market some items grown by Blue Moon Stead. Please visit our page on Blue Moon Stead for more information. If you would like to contact Blue Moon Stead directly, please send an e-mail to Barbara at
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What is Dry Farming and why does it matter?

Dry farming is the practice of farming crops or forage in an arid climate without the use of irrigation. This allows us to farm a property with limited irrigation rights, develop a system of farming that is resilient to drought and climate change, and work with the native weather and vegetation for a more harmonious relationship with our land. Dry-farmed crops and forages are extra-flavorful and have more concentrated nutrition than irrigated ones. Who doesn’t love a perfect marriage between healthy and delicious?

There is so much to say and learn about dry-farming, please read our Dry Farming page that expands on this topic in depth, exploring the pros and cons, why we have chosen to implement this method at our farm, and why it’s so important to us and the future of agriculture in the arid West.
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Is your farm Certified Organic?

In short: no. However, we strive to include organic principles in managing our land to provide the healthiest foods we can at a reasonable price point for our customers. We believe a healthy and varied diet combined with preventative management is the basis of good health in our livestock. We do not spray any pesticides or herbicides on our land. There are times when we feel it is in their best interest or the best interest of our local food system to deviate from organic standards for livestock. These practices are detailed in following questions below.

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What is multi-species rotational grazing?

Multi-species rotational grazing is the practice by which rather than have only one kind of livestock (i.e. Cattle) and allowing them to graze one large open field all year long, you keep several species of livestock that benefit one another (i.e. cattle, sheep, and chickens) and using a system of paddock or mobile fencing to move them around the pasture to eat one bit at a time. Please visit our page on Multi-species Rotational Grazing to learn more about the benefits of this system!.
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GMO/Corn/Soy free feed? What are you feeding them, anyway?

The most commonly genetically modified foods (GMOs) in the USA are Corn and Soy. Our feed for our animals is corn and soy free. There are a few reasons for this:

1) We believe in using local ingredients that can be produced in our area to help create a resilient food system with the future possibility of a closed loop in the PNW. Corn and Soy are primarily grown far away from the Northwest, so we would rather include alternative grains like Wheat and Field Peas from local PNW farmers in our feed ration, rather than ship in Corn or Soy from far away.

2) The demand for organic corn and soy has outstripped the ability for USA farmers to meet it, and as a result much of organic Corn and Soy is imported from other countries, whose “organic” standards are not as strict as those in the USA, and have sometimes been illegally treated with pesticides prior to their arrival in the USA.

3) Using soy in conjunction with corn as the primary source of protein in a livestock feed may provide a complete set of amino acids, but it fails to provide the correct balance of fatty acids for optimal health. Soy is very high in omega-6 fatty acids. Without some source of omega-3 fatty acids to balance out the ratio, the nutrition of a soy-based feed is highly unbalanced. We believe this is not as healthy for livestock (and subsequently those consuming the livestock) as a fatty-acid balanced feed formula. We use fish meal and camelina seed in our feeds instead of soy, both of which are high-quality proteins that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids. To us, fish and seeds more closely resemble the natural diet of wild birds than soybeans.

We prioritize our local food economy — and local farmers and mills — first when sourcing feed for our poultry. The main ingredients of our poultry feed are as follows:

  • Columbia-Gorge grown wheat
  • PNW grown field peas
  • PNW grown Camelina seed meal
  • Fish meal
  • Lime (calcium)
  • Poultry vitamin and mineral supplement

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Do ever treat your animals with antibiotics or hormones?

We never use hormones of any kind on any our animals. We never use antibiotics of any kind in our poultry and small stock (chickens, ducks, rabbits). None of the lambs destined for your plate have been treated with antibiotics.

We do everything in our power to prevent health issues occurring in our breeding sheep, but there are rare occasions when we feel is the most humane treatment option available. We will treat our breeding animals with antibiotics only as a last resort and only if the condition can be completely cured (these are animals that were never intended for butcher, but are bred to provide us with lambs each year). If one of our butcher lambs presents with an issue that must be treated with antibiotics, we will remove that animal from our program so that our customers can feel confident that the meat they are eating is from animals never given antibiotics.

We hope that after a few more years of work and selective breeding we can eliminate the use of antibiotics in our sheep altogether.
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How about vaccines and other medications?

We do not use any conventional medications or vaccines in our small stock (poultry, rabbits). We do not vaccinate our market lambs destined for your plate, and only use medication sparingly on them (see below).

Vaccines are the first line of defense against a great many illnesses that plague humans and animals alike. Vaccines stimulate the body’s natural immune response to help build immunity to a disease before an exposure that might otherwise lead to infection. We feel that using a vaccine to boost immunity is a more natural and desirable process than potentially having to use antibiotics to treat that disease down the road.

That said, we select for health and hardiness in all of our animals. Currently, the only animals that we vaccinate are our breeding sheep, and we use vaccines in our breeding stock about a month before birth so that the antibodies generated by the vaccine are present in the mother’s milk, protecting the young lambs from infection without having to inject the lambs and kids themselves with the other less desirable ingredients in vaccines, keeping your meat clean and vaccine-free while keeping our animals healthy and happy.

Please note the vaccines are allowed by the NOP (National Organic Program) and certified organic livestock operations, so with our judicious use of them we are already operating above and beyond what is required of organic farms.

As for other medications: For parasite prevention and general management, we use natural treatments like herbs and garlic to encourage good immunity and health in our animals. We believe prevention is really the best medicine!

We do not give any conventional medications to our poultry or rabbits. But if one of our sheep is suffering from a hoof problem, injury, or other acute health issue, we will use things like a topical hoof treatment or other dressings for wounds if it seems necessary. We do not treat our butcher lambs and kids with internal medications that have the potential to compromise the meat, and withdrawal times are always strictly adhered to.

We do not use any conventional medications as a routine course of management, only to treat acute problems if we feel it is necessary to ensure the welfare of our sheep, which is very important to us. Every year we select the breeders with the best, hardiest genetics to continue our lines and continue to reduce the need to use any medications at all.
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How come not all of your animals are 100% grass fed?

Our lambs are grass-fed because they are ruminants, which means they have several stomachs that contain beneficial bacteria that allow them to break down plant material into sugars which their bodies can use for energy. This is a healthy way for ruminants to eat!

However, other livestock have different digestive systems. Chickens, ducks, and pigs are much like humans — single stomached organisms. While plant material is an excellent supplement to their diet and creates vigor and health through vitamins and minerals, they cannot break it down into energy the way that a ruminant can. They need to eat a variety of other easily digested energy-containing foods like grains, legumes, fish, bugs, fruits, and others in order to stay healthy.

Rabbits have a digestive system most similar to horses — not true ruminants, but they still have some symbiotic bacteria that allow them to fully digest plants. While we do feed a supplement of grains to our rabbits, they are fed primarily forages as the main part of their diet. We hope that through selectively breeding the rabbits that perform the best in our pasture-based system, that we can establish stock in the future that will thrive on forages alone!
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Do you have a newsletter/blog?

We most certainly do! Our newsletter is a great way to follow what’s happening on the farm. Our bi-monthly updates won’t clutter your inbox, and will provide you with a great window into the happenings here on the farm, essays, recipes and educational materials, as well as special offers.

Click Here to subscribe to our Newsletter!

You can read back-issues of our newsletter by visiting our Blog!
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Is your farm active on Social Media?

Yes! We have an active  Instagram (and slightly less active Facebook Page) that we use to share photos and moments of daily farm life as well as make announcements. Please follow us!

While we love to post fun photos and videos, our e-mail Newsletter remains the best way to keep in touch with the farm with a lot of information that doesn’t always make it onto social media news feeds.
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How can I best support your farm?

Becoming a CSA member is really the best way to show your support! Small farmers like us depend on a strong relationship with our loyal customers to keep us in business, and keep doing the hard yet rewarding work we do.

Aside from purchasing our products, other ways you can show your support is by sharing our name with friends & family, getting in touch with Northwest media outlets on our behalf, and just generally spreading the word about the good news of regenerative agriculture and the benefits of happy, healthy animals 🙂

If you are ambitious and want some marketing materials to distribute to your friends, at work, or in your neighborhood, please send us an e-mail and we’ll mail you a packet of brochures!
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What’s the best way to get in touch?

The best ways to reach us are by e-mail ( or by telephone (509)-310-3157. We are sometimes slow to respond to voicemail, so if we don’t pick up when you call, send us a text message or an e-mail and we’ll get back to you soon!
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Can I visit?

We love visitors. Getting to share this beautiful place and the work we do here is part of what makes it all worth it for us! We do not keep regular hours for visitors since we are not “open to the public”, so please Contact Us to make an appointment to come see us and get a tour of our property. We are about a 25 minute (14 mile) drive outside of the town of White Salmon, WA.

Out of respect to us and our livestock, we ask that all visitors please leave their dogs at home. We have guardian dogs on-site that protect our livestock from predators, and these dogs are not friendly with strange, unknown dogs (though they love people and children!).

If you live on or are coming to us directly from another farm that has any livestock, we ask that you please wear clean clothes and a clean pair of shoes to help prevent the spread of livestock pathogens to our property.
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